Occupational Health Services (OHS) encompasses preventive functions and the responsibility for advising and assisting the employer, the workers and their representatives on :
- The requirement for establishing and maintaining a safe and healthy working environment which will facilitate optimal physical and mental health
- The adapting work to the capabilities of workers in light of their state of physical and mental health
Legal Provisions :
The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) 1994 and its Regulations aims to secure the safety, health and welfare of persons at work; protect others against risk to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work; and to promote an occupational environment for employees which is adapted to their physiological and psychological needs.
There are other legal provisions for OHS stated in the Factories and Machinery Act 1967, Food Act 1983, Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984. and etc.
Medical Surveillance :
Medical surveillance is the process of evaluating the health of employees as it relates to their potential occupational exposures to hazardous agents.
Generally, affected employees undergo a work history, a medical history, and a medical examination by a licensed physician; these elements are used to establish a baseline of the employees’ health and then used to monitor their future health as it relates to their potential occupational exposures to hazardous agents.